The Layers of C in CTM (Cleanse. Tone. Moisturize)
First thing first, now that the acronym CTM is familiar to all, what is kept secret is that the C have many tails: C is for cleanse, news is cleanse is complex and is made up of various step
Step 1 SKIN SURFACE CLEANSE: using soap base or non soap base products such as soaps, cleanser etc to wash the skin. more often, this procedure gets off skin surface dirts
Step 2 PORE DEEP CLEANSE: using a mask. This could be liquid, powder or grain base. This procedure is aimed at cleansing the pores. Most masks contain clay such as fuller earth, bentonite, rhassoul, kaolin, french clay e.t.c., these clays that swell and then dry all belong to one family of clay called the Montmorillonite. There are also the illite and Kaolinite group. They cleanse either through adsorption or absorption by replacing their negatively charged ions with our skin's positively charged ions - occuring in our pores as dirts.
The montmorrillonite (swelling clays) are any of a group of clay minerals and their chemical varieties that swell in water and possess high cation-exchange capacities. The choice for these clay in cosmetics and skincare regime lies in the latter mentioned capacities. So how does cation exchange work on the skin?
CATION EXCHANGE PROCESS: Our pores get filled with dirts from time to time, and sometime even our own sebum (skin oil) get trapped in the pore and by adsorption, these clays when mixed with water are activated to display the positively charged ions and replace them with the negatively charged ions they contain. This is because these clays are extremely fine-grained with a lot of surface area and also organized into thin layers with loosely bound ions where organic matter can be trapped between. As a result, as oils and water become trapped between these layers, clays will swell, ions get exchanged and then they dry.
Once these clay is dried, they have completed the ion exchange process, then you can wash off. Common observations include tightened pores, firmer skin, even for very observant individual they feel the lightness of their pores. Using a clay can have a drying effect and it is recommended that you use a moisturizer immediately after.
This process should be included in skincare regime of Oily skin (to remove dirts and possibly sebum trapped within the pore that causes acne and also for Aging skin (to firm up, tone and tighten the skin).
Step 3 DEAD SKIN CLEANSE: using a scrub. With scrub exfoliating properties, they are able to buff away dead skin This is a microscopic process and you may not see dead skin falling off, the action of exfoliation gently scratches the skin and in a near peel off process, thee dead skin is removed. This is a recommended process for fading hyper-pigmentation.
Steps 2 & 3 can not be done daily as their function counteracts the skin normal regenerative cycle. They are best done fortnightly or about twice in a week to give the skin time to kick back up.
There still exist many other layers of cleanse: they include acid peels, dermal scrub, light superficial peels, chemical peels etc but they are mainly for use as Cosmeceuticals
Interested in knowing more about your raw materials, their properties, how to use /formulate them? Then e-mail email@example.com to request for our course brochure(s) to hep you make a decision.
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